The crisis of masculinity is a new phenomenon in the West

Backlog in school, immaturity, sexual unhappiness ... The feminist revolution and the formation of egalitarian society led to an unprecedented masculine crisis. To study this phenomenon began only very recently.

"The West has lost faith in masculinity." This is the name of the conference of Canadian scientist Jordan Peterson, who was completely unknown two years ago, but now has become, as the New York Times writes, "the most revered and most hated intellectual" on the Internet. This professor of psychology owes his success to television disputes with feminists, in which he debunks their arguments, in particular about the inequality of salaries. Peterson's world-wide success (millions of views on "Youtube") speaks of a phenomenon that was overshadowed by the MeToo revolution: it is a matter of growing concern about the masculinity of Western men. Behind the wave of indignation about male domination, which was seen on the example of sexual harassment, lies another truth: the general decline in the status of the "male".

Male reaction

This topic is now in vogue in gender studies. In 2006, an American expert on de Tocqueville and Machiavelli Harvey Mansfield published a work called "Masculinity" in which he tried to delineate the boundaries and positive aspects of masculinity in an increasingly neutral Western society. The book pissed off the New York intelligentsia, but imitators arose. For example, the website "The Art of Masculinity" created in 2008 offers a variety of practical tips (from "how to repair the wipers themselves" to "how to understand that a woman loves you") about "how to be a man" to millions of visitors.

The success of the American resource inspired Julien Rochedy, former head of the youth movement under the "National Front", to create a similar platform for the French audience. A flawless beard, carefully laid hair, a black shirt over a figure ... Against the backdrop of a bookcase, in a measured voice, he talks about "ten thoughts that men should know." "For many centuries, men have sought to become men. Some time ago, this process stopped, but earlier it was just like that. " There are entries from the blog ("why men should be able to drink" or "when to beat in case of aggression"), as well as a paid section of video and philosophical materials with a noticeable Nietzschean print.

"Trolls" against "suckers"

Manfsfield, Peterson, and, to some extent, Roshdi are a smooth and structured version of the male reaction, which in some cases takes primitive forms. This can be seen, for example, in the comics of Marceau, which emphasize open and aggressive masculinity (tattoos, shaved heads and shotguns), the blogger Papasito and other more or less rebellious followers of anti-Semitic polemicist Alain Soral: he first began to speak in his video about the "feminization" of the world and the "helplessness of desire." The culmination of these ideas is the culture of "alternative right", which is actively manifested on the Internet, where "trolls" are squashed on "suckers", that is, "men who endlessly seek the approval of women." In some cases, this culture takes a tragic and criminal turn. 23 April 2018 year in Toronto 25-year-old Alek Minasian (Alek Minassian) shot down his "Chevrolet" ten people, eight of them. He was part of a group of forced bachelors, and wrote on his Facebook page about the desire to kill the maximum of "Chad" and "Stacy", as these young people call glamorous peers of both sexes.

An unprecedented anthropological shift

Such a sharp reaction echoes the aggressive feminist rhetoric about the "toxic" masculinity that needs to be cleared. Sometimes this is accompanied by frankly revanchist statements. "It's high time for men to feel themselves in the minority," said, for example, recently the former Minister of Justice Christian Tobira (Christiane Taubira). Be that as it may, we should not reduce everything to this radical rhetoric. A more general feeling is uncertainty and uncertainty: it becomes more difficult for Western men to find their place in an increasingly egalitarian society. All this entails a lot of publications and disputes, both in the US and in France. So, 21 May publicist Natacha Polony organized in Paris a round table with an eloquent title: "Man is a vanishing sight?" It was attended by the author of "The Mystery Mystery" by Olivia Gazalé, publicist Peggy Sastre and psychiatrist Jean-François Bezot (Jean-François Bezot).

"I was inspired by all that I have seen in recent times, that is," transparent "men during the disputes over the Weinstein case. I was sorry to see them guiltily bowing their heads, apologizing for being men, and calling themselves feminists, "says Natasha Poloni.

"We can not look with indifference to the anthropological shift that is under way before our eyes: it is a new place for men in a world where the separation of the sexes has ceased to be obvious," says Marcel Gauchet, who dedicated this 200 issue of Deba ". - Universal attention now, naturally, is focused on strengthening women at all levels or on the still persisting inequality in their attitude. But did this "women's revolution" not affect the opposite field? Here there are great changes. Masculinity ceased to be something obvious and passed into the category of systematic doubt. "

"The most massive and extensive phenomenon relates to education: boys show a decline in academic performance and loss of interest in learning," he said. This point of view is shared by the psychologist Laetitia Strauch-Bonart (Laetitia Strauch-Bonart), which in the sensational book "Men are obsolete?" Indicates a decline in the status of men through a series of studies. In it, she tells the story of "a sex that has lost its privileges and, perhaps, lost the meaning of existence with them."

Thus, men lost control of reproduction, lag behind in studies, and their previously valued physical strength no longer has a special social significance. In France, the lag of 15-year-old boys averages three quarters of the year in terms of "understanding the text." In OECD countries, this gap is three years between a boy from low-income groups and a girl from wealthy groups. This gap remains in the world of work. Although it is still not in favor of women, the general trend implies a decline in the status of men. Deindustrialization and knowledge economy play into the hands of women. In France, from 1997 to 2016, employment among men decreased from 82,3% to 76,3%, while among women it increased from 66,6% to 69,2%. Diploma of higher education is in 49% of women and 39% of men.

Strengthening women is a problem for some men. This is the main theme of the novel by Patrice Jean (Patrice Jean) "unnecessary man." His hero Serge Le Shenadeck is a typical forty-year-old man who realizes his utter futility for his wife and children. The world no longer needs it. Such overboard people inhabit the novels of Michel Houellebecq (Michel Houellebecq), which describe the trouble of the white man. "Like rampant economic liberalism, sexual liberalism also leads to impoverishment," says one of his characters. "Unbalance of men is my daily work," confirms sexologist Theresa Argo (Thérèse Hargot), who takes in many of her downtrodden clients. - Once the force can no longer manifest itself in the public space, everything flows into the intimate and sexual sphere. For many men, it becomes a revenge. The most striking confirmation of this is the consumption of pornography. And also the infidelity of women. Many of them no longer feel attracted to their men, because they have lost their masculinity. "

Men see two conflicting signals: caricature and sexualized masculinity is extolled in pornography and in the enterprise, while in all other spheres feminism dominates. "It seems to me that men are demanding the impossible," says writer Nancy Huston. "They must be strong and weak, tough and gentle, ruthless at work and timid as lambs at home."

A new culture of immaturity

Against the backdrop of this growth in demands and the absence of specific rituals of growing up (vertical school, church and military service), many men delay the transition to paternity or even refuse it. As the teacher Martin Dekeyser writes, all this leads to a "new culture of immaturity". "Entering into adulthood has become a more difficult task for young men than for young women," he believes. Men find refuge in youth culture, which implies systematic ridicule and manifests itself on the Internet and video games. They seek to move away from the world and shift responsibility to women, in particular to mothers.

Is it worth worrying about this? The crisis of Western men is only a reflection of the sexual revolution and will simply fade away? Or is it worth waiting for the return of the pendulum in the form of glorification of primitive mansion? In the United States, the election of Donald Trump can already be seen as a form of vengeance for the political correctness of American universities. And all this did not solve anything, but only aggravated the struggle between the feverish feminism and caricature masculinity.

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