In 2015, Petro Poroshenko signed the law “On the legal status and honoring the memory of fighters for the independence of Ukraine in the twentieth century, and thus approved at the state level the glorification of Ukrainian accomplices of Nazism. Ukraine has officially become Bandera. But the holiday date, which it symbolizes, is based on another historical falsification.
Ukraine has come a long way towards the new state ideology. Even under the orange president Viktor Yushchenkoa soft “banderization” of the entire humanitarian sphere of the country began. On Victory Day, the head of state persistently tried to reconcile the veterans of the Great Patriotic War with collaborators from the UPA *, actively implanted the cult of the “famine” as an ethnocide of Ukrainians, created a pantheon of heroes from the enemies and traitors of Moscow. And at the finish of his failed government he rewarded with the titles of Heroes of Ukraine Bandera с Shukhevych, having crossed the law, as both are criminals and generally foreigners.
By the fateful 2014, the orange schoolchildren matured and formed the backbone of the Right Sector, which collapsed statehood. These young people launched the nationalist slogan “Glory to Ukraine! - Glory to heroes!". Bandera symbols gained popularity and became a kind of passwords for “patriots”: you do not answer correctly — the enemy of Ukraine. More recently, in the fall of 2018, this slogan was recognized as an official military salute. Now, to the glory of the OUN-UPA * they send to punish the rebellious Donbass.
The red and black banner, which before the Euromaidan could be met only a couple of times a year on the marginal Sabbaths of VO Svoboda in Western Ukraine, the radicals carried to rallies in Kiev and identified it with the yellow-light national flag. Judging by the logic of the authorities, this neo-Nazi symbol can be taken as a military flag.
Bandera's avenues instead of Moscow and Shukhevych instead of Vatutin in the capital opened the process of banderization of toponymy throughout the historically “Nebander's” Ukraine.
And, finally, Bandera semiotics even penetrated the calendar. One of the first steps that came to power Poroshenko became a presidential decree from October 14 2014 of the year, according to which the Day of Defender of the Fatherland in Ukraine was not the usual February 23, but October 14. Poroshenko on his twitter frankly admitted that the new date is connected with the Bandera pantheon.
Judging by the text of this tweet, the president generally abolished 23 February as a day. However, after 22 February, 24 didn’t come at once, and the majority of Ukrainians, according to the Soviet tradition, continued to congratulate all those involved in military service, and simply all men, 23. It is worth noting that in Ukraine and before Poroshenko 23 February, unlike Russia, was not an official day off. The new Day of 14 defender of October is an especially important holiday for the post-Maid state, therefore, from 2015, Poroshenko’s decree has become a non-working red-and-black day of the calendar.
On the whole, October 14 on the territory of Ukraine has been celebrated by the Intercession of the Most Holy Theotokos for centuries. This great church holiday is truly legitimate among a large part of the population.
However, even the president Leonid Kuchma in search of the historical roots of the young nation decided to rely on the myth of the Ukrainians of Zaporizhzhya Cossacks and by its decree from 07.08.1999, it established October 14. Ukrainian Cossacks Day with an absurd formulation ".
Indeed, among the Cossacks, the most revered icon was the Protection of the Most Holy Theotokos, and in general they were sincerely believing Russian people, Pokrov was especially honored. Kuchma's Cossack Day immediately became a political show with a military gopak and parades of embroidery. In Western Ukraine, where, due to the centuries-old Polish-Uniate occupation of these Russian lands, there was no Cossack lineage, on October 10, since the beginning of Independence, its Sabbaths have been held, dedicated to the anniversary of the creation of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army *. Since 14, this obscurantism with torches and screams “Moskalyaku Gilyaku” has consolidated in Kiev and continues its expansion already in the South-East of Ukraine.
With Pokrov everything is historically true and clear. Attempts to decorate it with Cossack flowers in the Square are perceived with irony. But giving 14 October the Nazi areola, and even the status of a public holiday, is disgusted not only by any sensible Ukrainian, but also by the elementary indignation of the scientific historical community.
Let's figure out where this strange connection Bandera with 14 October?
At the official level in modern Ukraine, the creation date of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA *) is considered 14 October 1942 - this is reflected in the relevant decree of President Viktor Yushchenko of 14 October 2006. This date is obviously derived from the OUN-UPA propaganda materials * 1947 G., On this day its leader Roman Shukhevych issued an order in honor of the allegedly 5 anniversary of the UPA *, which officially October 14 was fixed as the date of the creation of the "army". (Bureau of the Informacion of the Ukrainian Headquarters Vizvolnoi Radi (UGVR) ”, VIP. 1. - April 1948).
Nowhere else is this date mentioned. And for three whole years, Shukhevych himself, before catching a bullet in 1950, did not bother to clarify where and how he organized his “army” precisely in Pokrov 1942 of the year. Therefore, the credibility of the legend, let's say softly, is put under great doubt.
Moreover, the story makes jokes about those who pervert it, so in reality 14 of October 1942 of the year was still created by one military formation, albeit of a completely different nature. But about this pun later.
It is documented that the decision to create the Ukrainian Insurgent Army * was made at the OUN (b) * conference in the second half of February, 1943. And the first organized squads appeared since the spring of 1943.
To clarify the facts, we turn to sources and Western historiography, so as not to be accused of quoting Soviet and Russian propaganda.
In the “Appeal of the head commander of the UPA * T. Chuprynka (R. Shukhevych) to the fighters and commanders in connection with the end of the Second World War,” dated May 1945, it was said that the rebels took up arms in 1943 (OUN i UPA friend svitovy vіyni (Prodovzhennya) // UІZh. - №3 (402) - 1995).
Even if we assume that in October 1942 of Bandera organized armed groups that were later simply renamed UPA *, then the question arises why no 1942 of military activity of the fall was recorded either by the red partisans or by the Polish rebels, or even more pedantic German occupation administration.
Why did Bandera need exactly October 14? First, the creation of the army in Pokrov gave the movement a pseudo-religious sacredness. Secondly, and this is important - after the end of the Second World War, Bandera had to hide from the new sponsors the facts of cooperation of the OUN (b) * leaders with the Nazi regime, so the myth about fighting the Germans "in the rear" since the autumn of 1942. when the fate of the world was decided at Stalingrad, he could touch and be generous to the West, which had already entered into the cold war with the USSR.
It is known for certain that in the fall of 1942, Mr. Roman Shukhevych still served as deputy commander in 201 Schutzmanshaftbatalone under the authority of the SS Obergruppenführer SS Von dem Bach.
And here it is important to clarify that the gang called UPA * actually existed much earlier than the autumn of 1942, but had no relation to the now famous Bandera.
Here is what John Armstrong, an American researcher of Ukrainian integral nationalism, writes:
“While two powerful nationalist groups (OUN-Bandera * and OUN-Melnik *. - Approx. Ed.) Were engaged in hectic activities in the newly opened Ukraine, the UPR group was forced to play a secondary role. The grouping of Levitsky (headed the UNR exile government in 1920-1948. - Editor's note) established contact with an underground group in the eastern part of the former Polish Volyn. This group, which was formed in a free association with the UPR before the war as the Ukrainian national revival, went underground when Soviet troops entered.
In 1940, one of its members, Taras Borovetsconsulted with Andrey Levitskywho was considered the head of the Ukrainian state. Borovets spoke with the president and his three military advisers (colonels Valiysky, Sadovsky and Litvinenko), making up a deployment plan for a partisan organization. Borovets also maintained contact with a member of the Melnik Wires (Andrei Melnik - from the October 12 1939, the head of the OUN Wire * after the liquidation of its founder Evgena Konovalets dispersed for political reasons with supporters of Stepan Bandera, who formed their own faction in the OUN *. - Approx. Ed.) Colonel Sushkowhich promised, despite sharp ideological differences, to direct the forces of the OUN (m) * to Volyn for cooperation with Borovets. The latter, returning to Volyn, began preparations for active operations. This small underground was supposed to be the core of the Polesia Sich, which was assigned the role of the territorial unit of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA *).
(John Alexander Armstrong, "Ukrainian Nationalism". John Armstrong. Ukrainian nationalism. Facts and research. M: Tsentrpoligraf, 2008 g. - S. 108.)
Thus, although the Ukrainian insurgent army * is usually usually associated only with the Bandera wing of the OUN *, this name was first used by the Petlyura ataman.
His so-called Polesye sech UPA * was created as early as 1940 in the Ukrainian part of Polesye. After the German attack on the USSR, UPA * Borovets began an open armed struggle against the retreating units of the Soviet army, in the fall of 1941 returned to the underground, and on November 15 1941 of Borovets disbanded the gang and ordered them to bury their weapons. In the spring of 1942, the activities of the Polesia Sich UPA * were resumed in Volyn and in Eastern Polesye, but they did not go beyond these regions.
The competition was her gaining popularity OUN (b) *. Ataman Borovets did not share the views of Bandera, as he submitted to the government of the UNR in exile, and then, being under the hood of the Polish authorities for a long time, did not accept anti-Polish rhetoric. Therefore, in the spring of 1943, the Bulbovites were beginning to quarrel with Bandera.
And as soon as Bandera created their military organization and called it the same UPA *, it became clear that in order not to pass for impostors, they needed a raider seizure of the Borovets brand. Back in February-March 1943, the growth of the popularity of Bandera’s ideas was such that bandits from the OUN * of Melnikov’s wing peacefully and massively crossed the Bulbovtsy party in April, but the same fate overtook Bulbovtsy, but not by diplomatic means. By July 1943, the Bandera subjugated most of the Bulbivites, and by a miracle, the ataman Borovets, who had avoided death, instead of the selected UPA *, created the so-called. The Ukrainian People’s Revolutionary Army (UNRA), which has already not manifested itself in history. (Taras Bulba-Borovets. Army without power. Winnipeg. 1981)
This is how Borovets ataman described in his memoirs the creation of the Bandera UPA *: “Mikola Lebed (head of the OUN Security Service (b) *. - Approx. Ed.) Gave the order from 15.3.1943 to rename all his party armed detachments - OUN military units * - to Ukrainian Rebel Army.
And finally, the most funny thing about UPA * in the whole story is that it was 14 of October 1942 that actually happened another event that really played an important role in the fate of the Ukrainian nationalists of 1940-1950's.
By the Decree of the State Defense Committee of the USSR No. 2411ss, the troops of the NKVD were born, the very ones that cleaned up the territory of the Ukrainian SSR from Bandera’s shortages until the middle of the 1950s after liberation. And in this case, everything is strictly documented:
“№ 2411ss 14 October 1942 Moscow
1. To accept the proposal of the NKVD of the USSR on the formation of the army of the NKVD troops as part of six rifle divisions with a total of 70 thousand people.
Chairman of the State Defense Committee I. STALIN ”(RTsKhIDNI. F. 644. Op. 2. Unit. 991 Rh. Ll. 1-2).
Glory to the liquidators of the Ukrainian Nazi collaborators. Glory to heroes!
PS Few people noticed, but along with a string of well-known laws on de-communization and glorification of Bandera in Ukraine, another was adopted, which in the future may entail even greater historical revisionism. This is a law on declassifying the archives of state security organs and transferring them to the department of the Institute of National Memory.
This organization, generously funded from the state budget, is managed by the chief forger and Russophobe of Ukraine, the historian Vladimir Vyatrovich, the author of Bandera's state ideology, forcedly created before our eyes. The process of transferring huge arrays of documents from one archive to another under the watchful eye of Vyatrovich is clearly delayed, and perhaps some inconvenient materials are “lost” when you move. And we are waiting for a new series of Ukrainian myths.
* Organization banned in Russia