Today, December 16, perhaps the most famous leader of the White Movement, Anton Ivanovich Denikin, was born in 1872.
Anton Ivanovich was born in a small village of Warsaw County. His father, a simple peasant born in the Saratov province in 27 years, was recruited and gave the army 35 years of life. He participated in three campaigns: the Crimean, Hungarian and the suppression of the Polish uprising in Warsaw. He was awarded the Order of the Stanislav 3 degree and retired with the rank of major.
After the end of the real school, Anton Denikin served in the 1th Infantry Regiment, after 3 a month he was enrolled in the Kiev Military School. Two years later, Denikin was promoted to lieutenant of the 2 Artillery Brigade. At 1895, he entered the General Staff Academy, and in 1900, he continued to serve in the 2 Brigade with the rank of captain.
For the first time, Denikin truly proved himself in the 1904 year, during the Russian-Japanese war: he had to repel Japanese attacks, command reconnaissance, and participate in the Mukden battle. For those who have recently joined us, or have not heard about the Mukden battle, I will tell you in just a few words. Mukden is 150 kilometers of front, Mukden is more than half a million participants. Mukden is not when someone is defending, but someone is defending, but the simultaneous offensive of two warring armies. Mukden is almost 20 battle days, 24 is thousands of dead and 131 is a thousand wounded. Mukden is the main battle of the Russian-Japanese war. Following the war, in 1905, the command recognized Denikin’s merits: he was awarded the Order of Stanislav 3 degree (like his father), St. Anna 2 degree, and made lieutenant colonel.
The Great War Anton Ivanovich met in the Brusilov army. A month after the start of the war, during the battles of Grodek, Denikin was rewarded with St. George’s weapons.
“For being in battles with 8 through 12, Sep. 1914 in Grodek with outstanding art and courage fought off a desperate attack of the superior in the forces of the enemy, especially the persistent 11 of September, when the Austrians wanted to break through the center of the corps; and in the morning 12 sept. they themselves launched a decisive offensive with the brigade "
A month later, the colonel found another award - the Order of St. George 4 degree, "For a brave maneuver". The master of daring and desperate attacks, quite unexpectedly for an enemy accustomed to positional battles, led his brigade to the offensive and captured the village of Gorniy Luzhk, which had previously been the headquarters of the Archduke Joseph group.
The following heavy defeat to the Austrians Denikin inflicted already in 1915 in the Carpathians in the area of the river San, thereby supporting the detachment of Kaledin, for which he received George 3-degree.
The risk appetite and the willingness to go on the attack at any moment, perhaps, contributed most strongly to Denikin's career: even in the spring of 1915, his team was deployed to the division, and in the fall the colonel launched an offensive during the retreat and took Lutsk by assault, for which he was promoted to General the lieutenants. Yes, it can be said that Denikin often risked and put a lot on the line for the sake of his personal ambitions and the desire of heroism, but the gods love the brave and he won. Lutsk, by the way, later still had to leave.
In the course of the famous Brusilovsky breakthrough, our hero with his division re-took Lutsk, breaking through the enemy's 6 lines of defense, and the St. George’s diamond weapon was the reward for this operation. In the same year, Denikin received the Order of Mihai the Brave for the Romanian campaign.
After February 17, Denikin retained his position and tried not to come into conflict with the new government, which, however, did not save him from 17’s arrest in September and imprisonment, which constantly threatened him and other imprisoned generals with unlawful massacre by revolutionary-minded rebels, right up to until December, when General Duhonin organized an escape for him. Subsequently, it was Denikin who escaped was the author of the first anti-Bolshevik government.
After a month of dangerous conspiratorial work on the formation of resistance, the general managed to convene a 4000 man, mostly young, under his banner, and immediately had to fight with the later legendary Bolshevik Anton-Ovseenko. Thus, Ovseenko, who later as a part of punitive detachments, suppressed the Izhevsk-Votkinsk uprising, the Grigorievsky insurrection, and the peasant uprising in the Tambov province. Antonov-Ovseenko was executed by the Soviet authorities in 1938 for his brilliant achievements. Thanks to confident and decisive actions, it was Denikin who began to be perceived as the head of the White movement right up until his resignation of 1920, followed by emigration to England.
I completely retired from politics and went all into historical work. I finish the first volume of "Essays", covering the events of the Russian revolution from February 27 to August 27 1917 year. In my work I find some oblivion from hard experiences.
In emigration, Denikin departs from politics and proceeds to literary and research activities, creates his famous work “Essays on the Russian Troubles”, reads lectures on history, writes a book called “The Old Army”, which represented the military-historical research of the Russian Imperial Army before and during First World War. After the Nazis came to power, some of the literary works of Anton Ivanovich were banned, he was offered cooperation with the Gestapo. Apparently, the political calculation of the Nazis was that if they were supported by Denikin, all Russian emigration would follow his example. But he refused before the war and after it began, despite the anti-Bolshevik views, and urged other Russian immigrants not to do so. Nevertheless, he sympathized with General Vlasov and his fighters, believing that they were in a hopeless situation.
After the end of the war, fearing forced deportation to the USSR, Denikin moved to the States, where he appealed to Eisenhaur with a request not to extradite Russian collaborators to Stalin. Two years later he died, he was buried in New Jersey, and in 2005 he was reburied with his wife in Donskoy Monastery in Moscow.
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