Events 100-year-old erased out the history of Russia with a bloody trait and made hundreds of thousands of Russian people find themselves in a foreign land. Paris and New York, Sydney and Harbin, Berlin and Asuncion - Russian immigrants left their mark everywhere, gradually merging into the cultural space of the countries that sheltered them, but at the same time preserving and protecting Russian identity.
Now the descendants of the Russian emigration live in the territory of many countries of the world, most of them in the USA and Western Europe. They will tell about themselves and answer questions concerning Russia and the whole Russian world. We will communicate with several representatives of the Russian diaspora living in the United States.
Descendant of Russian emigration from San Jose (California, USA) Bernard Casey: My mother's parents emigrated from Lithuanian Rus, when she was still part of the Russian Empire at the beginning of the 20 century, before World War II and before the revolution and the coup. My father is American, half French and half Irish.
1. Russian Spring and the return of the Crimea. Russian-Ukrainian conflict. Your attitude to what is happening.
In November 2013, I arrived in Kiev, agreeing to accept the post of President of the American Chamber of Commerce in Ukraine. It was only one day before the fateful Vilnius Summit, where the democratically elected President of Ukraine, Viktor Yanukovych, refused to sign the Association Agreement of Ukraine and the resulting Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (DCFTA), which precipitated an unprecedented political and social crisis in Ukraine.
I have no doubt that this was prudently arranged for me to be in Kiev and lead an American NGO, which has close ties with the US Embassy, during this crisis. I fully supported the decision of President Yanukovych. In my report “The Economic Integration of Russia and Ukraine,” introduced by the Government of the Russian Federation and Ukraine in 2011, I recommended “geopolitical support for Ukraine,
Russia's accession to the World Trade Organization; Russia and Ukraine create a Common Economic Space and create free trade zones in the Agreement with the European Union; and the subsequent accession of Ukraine to the Common Economic Space or the joint creation of an FTA with Russia, Belarus, and Kazakhstan. ”
I warned against the independent entry of Ukraine into an association agreement with the EU with a deep comprehensive agreement on free trade, which expressed the level of support of the population in Ukraine, entry into the Customs Union and the Eurasian Union. I also advocated the transition of Ukraine to federalism and subsidiarity - the principle that decisions should be made by the least centralized bodies, which surprisingly are the principle of the administrative model in both Orthodox Churches and in the EU. In December 2013, US Senator John McCain and US Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs Victoria Nuland arrived in Kiev to meet with the conspirators of the revolution and the CIA coup, US Ambassador to Ukraine Jeffrey Paett, opposition politicians and ultranationalists and stood on the Maidan scene with neo-Nazis , making anti-Putin threats, and walked through the crowd, handing out bread and biscuits to protesters. After the rally, McCain said the following to the revolutionaries: “These brave men and women should know that they are not alone. Their friends around the world agree with them. ”
During this time, ultranationalists and opposition politicians regularly met with Ambassador Payette in the US embassy coordinating their actions. Neo-Nazis also terrified the population by holding torch marches in support of the unfolding
In late January, 2014, the ultra-nationalist forces of the Right Sector seized and occupied the buildings of the regional state administration (RSA) throughout Western and Central
Of Ukraine. President Yanukovych refused to resort to the use of force against the rebels. The highlight of my stay in Ukraine was a visit to the Russian embassy in Kiev in early February, while the US embassy in Kiev organized the Euromaidan revolution, and about two weeks before the coup, that would put the neo-Nazi junta, the controlling government. The US is trying to create a destabilized anti-Russian state with a center in the Mothers of Russian Cities.
Another thing I will never forget is that the ultranationalist shock troops in balaclava, armed with baseball bats, organized by the Right Sector after Saturday in the evening services at the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra of 15 in February of 2014. In the evening of February 21 2014, President Yanukovych, believing that his life was in danger, fled from Kiev through Kharkov, then went to the Crimea before going to exile in Rostov-on-Don. In subsequent interviews, President Yanukovych and Russian President Vladimir Putin stated that the Armed Forces are pursuing the President of Ukraine, and therefore his overthrow can only be viewed as a coup d'état.
For me personally, it was a time of helplessness. I hoped and prayed that God would save us from the fascists who had come to power. Therefore, when Russia responded by providing security to the Crimea on Saturday, February 22 2014, I was euphoric. 16 March 2014, a referendum on the status of the Crimea. 95% Crimeans voted for reunification with Russia.
The incredulous President of the United States Barack Obama blamed Russia for the crisis in the region. In my official capacity as President of the American Chamber of Commerce in Ukraine, I tried to maintain a balance between my Russian Orthodox beliefs and the expectations of pro-American, anti-Russian stakeholders. The Chamber then decided to endorse our apolitical charter and remain politically neutral during the crisis. However, as it turned out, even a simple attempt to remain apolitical was interpreted by some Ukrainian ultranationalist militants as a pro-Russian political statement.
I met regularly with US Ambassador Payette and his officers, expressing my support for the democratically elected President Yanukovych and my opposition to the revolution they organized. They refused to accept my opinion, and removed me from meetings between business leaders and the legal government of Ukraine.
I closely followed the actions on the streets on the most brutal days of the Euromaidan war, but decided to close the office only on 1 ½ days when people were killed on the streets and public transport was not fully operational.
With the beginning of the spread of the Ukrainian crisis in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, I spoke by telephone with the president of the American Chamber of Commerce in Moscow a couple of times. I remember the conversation that I had in an office in Kiev with a Western official. I told him about my opposition to the coup, about my support for the return of Crimea to Russia, given the more than 200-year history of the peninsula as a Russian territory, and counteraction to US sanctions. He was indignant, and told me that I would not be a handshake in Washington. Then I explained to him how the sanctions were applied more than 200 times after World War I with limited success, and that the people of those economies that are economically integrated with Russia, Germany, the Baltic States, and Ukraine are likely to suffer from US sanctions against Russia. He said he didn't care. So finally, I told him:
“You understand, don't you, that our sanctions will not change the behavior of President Putin?”
“Yes, we know. We just want to hurt him a lot. ”
15 April 2014, junta leader Oleksandr Turchynov launched a military campaign against the civilian population of the regions that seized state administration buildings (RSA) in Lugansk, Donetsk, Mariupol, and other cities to express their opposition to the coup d'état established in Kiev.
It is also alleged that this military campaign was ordered by the US government, as an attempt to prevent the Crimean scenario, that is, peaceful, bloodless self-determination and reunification with its original homeland - Russia. 10 and 11 May 2014, in referenda, residents of Lugansk, Donetsk and Mariupol voted for the independence of Ukraine from the Kiev junta. Therefore, when the crisis broke out in Ukraine, it is not surprising that various interested parties were pushing me to try to serve as a peacemaker. Accordingly, on May 30 of 2014, I wrote a letter to Prime Minister of Ukraine Arseniy Yatsenyuk in which I conveyed my readiness to work in an advisory capacity to help de-escalate the political and geopolitical crisis and in which I expressed my willingness to work in an advisory capacity to help de-escalate the political and geopolitical crisis in Ukraine at the moment and reconcile all parties to the conflict inside and outside Ukraine and restore diplomatic and economic relations between Ukraine and Sedna countries. "
I still have not received a response. No one heeded my warnings about the dangers of Ukraine’s turning from Russia towards the EU, and now Ukraine’s economic and trade relations with its largest investor and trading partner, Russia, have worsened; subsidized gas and cheap loans exchanged for market gas and promises of IMF loans with socially disastrous conditions; de-industrialization has led to a decrease in gross domestic product, corporate profits and tax revenues to the budget. Ukraine, which has become a raw materials appendage of the West, has not replaced the lost economy from de-industrialization; and even the main economic sector - agriculture is crumbling. The Kremlin no doubt recognizes that the Kiev regime will not comply with the Minsk Protocols on its own, unless the US or the EU put pressure on it, and that the Kiev regime will continue to escalate the use of heavy artillery against the civilian population of Donbass. Therefore, I expect that Russia will continue to take measures aimed at assisting the DNR and the LC.
2. The first anniversary of the October Revolution and creeping desovietisation in the Russian Federation. What is your attitude to the events of a hundred years ago and do you think that “reconciliation of red and white” is necessary?
I fully support the de-communization in Russia and the condemnation of the communist system and the restoration of the Russian empire, ruled by the King, the Anointed God.
3. How do you assess the operation of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation in Syria?
Syria is another US invasion of a sovereign state, using Islamist terrorists as proxies, and, again, our people, Orthodox Christians are being killed (The Antioch Orthodox Church is one of the oldest churches in the world, the Bible says that we were first named Christians in Antioch), and it is the democratically elected presidents Assad and Putin who are protecting us.
4. Creating a single Ukrainian Orthodox Church and repression against the UOC-MP. Your attitude to this.
As a layman, I do not speak on behalf of the Russian Orthodox Church. I have read and fully agree with the official statements on this issue made by the Russian Orthodox Church, the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia (ROCOR), and the corresponding statements in interviews made by such Russian Orthodox hierarchs as chairman of the Department for External Church Relations of the Moscow Patriarchate Metropolitan Volokolamsky Hilarion and the Metropolitan of New York and East American Hilarion.
In my speech, “I witnessed a US coup d'état in Ukraine,” I wrote: “I will never forget how, after Saturday evening services at the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra 15, February, 2014 of the year met the ultranationalist shock troops of the Right Sector in balaclava, armed with baseball bats. The Kiev-Pechersk Lavra, or the Kiev-Pechersk Monastery, the center of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church — the Moscow Patriarchate, the only canonical Church in Ukraine, began at that time to become a target for ultranationalists targeting the United States. ”
In his speech, “US-Russian Relations: Moving from Geopolitical Tension to Discharging to Rapprochement”I also wrote about the “junta of the campaign to persecute the canonical Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate, including the raider seizures of its churches by armed ultranationalists,” and said that “the US State Department is now trying to split the Russian Orthodox Church in Ukraine, and sever relations between the state and the Church in Russia and all Orthodox allies over the last millennium. ”
I pray that the Ecumenical Patriarch will review his canonically illegal activities in Ukraine, which is carried out under pressure from the US Department of State and the CIA. If he does not do this, then the Kiev junta, schismatic leaders and Ukrainian ultranationalist terrorists will undoubtedly be inspired by giving schismatics of canonical status and escalating their campaign to persecute the canonical Ukrainian Orthodox Church, including raider seizures of temples and monasteries, and their genocide war against the civilian population of Eastern and southern Ukraine. This will further exacerbate geopolitical tensions between Russia and Ukraine and between Russia and the United States.
Nevertheless, I am comforted, knowing that the gates of hell will not overcome the canonical Ukrainian Orthodox Church, in which Orthodox Christians in Ukraine will not betray Christ, nor the canonical leader of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church, Metropolitan Onuphrius of Kiev and All Ukraine, as St. Gospel prophesied. Lawrence of Chernigov: the false-patriarch Philaret "will go to eternal perdition, like Judas, pulling along with him many of his followers."
5. Kuril crisis. Your attitude to the future of the Kuril Islands.
It is time to fully realize the potential of Russia's economic integration of the Pacific region with Japan and the rest of the APEC countries (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation), whose potential has been appreciated since the participation of the future Tsar Nicholas II in the opening ceremony of the Trans-Siberian Railway in Vladivostok, and then in 1891 year went to Japan. I myself have traveled extensively in Japan since 1990, and can testify to the potential contribution that Japan, which has developed the third largest economy in the world, despite the fact that it inhabits an island with limited natural resources, can contribute to the modernization and development of the Russian economy.
However, recognizing that the Tsar's trip was conceived partly as a spiritual mission to spread the Orthodox faith among the new peoples of the Asia-Pacific region, I consider the multi-billion dollar spending of the Russian government to attempt to turn Vladivostok into a Russian Las Vegas absolutely unacceptable. I support the signing of a peace treaty between Russia and Japan, and I hope that the dispute with the Kuril Islands will be resolved peacefully.