About feminism is composed of many myths and all kinds of fables, the ideas about it are rooted at times on the most diametrically opposite views, and more on rumors and conjectures. We will not review all the rumors about feminism, but try only to refute those myths and sometimes nonsense, which feminism itself tries to spread in boundless terrestrial spaces. In addition, it makes sense to tell his story exactly the way it was, and give that characteristic of what feminism deserves.
The very first thing that the guardians of feminism maintain is that all previous centuries and millennia were a dark dark gloom for women, and only recently the process of their liberation from "age-old oppression" began. Of course, it is unlikely that they will be satisfied with those historical realities and facts, which unequivocally say that the role and significance of women has changed noticeably in various periods of history - from ancient times to the Middle Ages. And it's not just about the numerous women rulers who have been well-known in the past centuries, the case of a periodic reassessment of the status of women, attempts to radically change the role of women, make it no less, or even more significant than the role of men. And from time to time women appeared in history (and men too), who together with their like-minded men tried to do the same things that numerous groups of feminists are doing now. This is known since the time of the community, created two and a half thousand years ago by Sappho. It is possible that the legendary Amazons (if they really existed) were the final "product" of such shifts. Then came the Renaissance, when the image of a woman was raised to the maximum ideal. But this era has sunk into oblivion. Thus, we have before our eyes the clear effect of the ups and downs of interest in the "women's issue", the nature of which should be sought, apparently in genetic fluctuations at different periods of history, when the arena was the largest number of women with hung male hormones, when this the effect was exhausted, the "female question" again lost its relevance and another quiet and stable period of the Patriarchate came. In the course of the matter, it should only be noted that the different periods of the "elevation of women and women" did not differ either in peacefulness, or even more stability, none of the above could stand the test of time. But the wheel of history imperceptibly made its next turn, and a new stage in the development of the "women's issue" has come.
The age of the current feminism is usually estimated at 200 years old. And indeed the impetus for the next awakening of interest in the status of women was given by the same Great French Revolution. On the bloody crests of this madness that took a quarter of the population of France with them to the graves, not one ugly creature was born into the world, in fact, most of the upheavals in the ensuing whole world and Russia are also indebted to this one of the largest dramas in the history of mankind.
Feminism is an adult on the basis of the social utopias of Saint-Simon, Fourier, Owen (the latter, by the way, belongs to the "honor" of the invention of the term феминизм), and other similar thinkers of that bloody era. And here in 1792., As if on command, first Olympia de Guizh, then Mary Walston Craft and finally Theodore von Hypel scribbled their treatises on the position of women and ways to improve it. But the main father-founder of feminism (gender feminism), known to the world, is the well-known and all-beloved Friedrich Engels, who in his work "The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State" defined the oppression of women as the most ancient and cruel form the oppression of anyone in the history of mankind. This thesis was written in the brightest letters on the banner of feminism and adorns it to this day. The second thing that runs through the whole of Engels' work mentioned above is the sacramental theory of the prehistoric classless society (primitive socialism), dominated by women's power and promiscuity. This crazy idea that "the Patriarchate was not always", that there was a time when women dominated, and men were only their servants - for ever to this day determined the world view of feminists, being the guiding star of their entire "struggle". Thus, feminism is nothing but a kind of Marxism, communism, that is one more totalitarian ideology of the reorganization of society for the elect. From the very roots of its existence, its goal has never been the establishment of equality (which I will later prove on specific examples); feminism does not accept the position of women, but the entire course of history, in which men dominated and everything that was created by men, his most imperishable dream is the destruction of the entire existing world order and a return to "light cave times." But these true goals were not always clearly identified and correctly understood, for a hundred years ago feminism was part of the revolutionary movements for which the destruction of the old world order was self-evident. It was such a strong storm that the female aspect in it did not differ so visibly. To us the history has left basically only an image of suffragettes, women who struggled for equal suffrage for women. Few people know that their main task was still the issue of power (as well as in modern Russian feminists). It was believed that as soon as women got the right to vote, women's leaders and leaders could quickly be at the helm. The subsequent collapse of such hopes was the first major disappointment of feminism, which led to the crisis and the emergence of the first wave of feminism in 20. However, as a result, a historical image of feminism was created, which fights for equal rights for women, no one even surprised how quickly these rights were won. The same true feminism, the essence of which was formulated by Engels, remained largely unnoticed, and in historical retrospect it faded completely, and there were already anthropological studies by Margarida Meade, who "proved" the possibility of creating by the hands of man himself an individual of the highest race. I believe that readers themselves guess that such research did not remain unclaimed at the end of the first half of the 12th century.
The Second World War and the subsequent restoration pushed feminism to the background, although the feminists themselves have not disappeared, they simply became invisible. The survived shock of the war, the deficit of men made regular traditional relations relevant. But experience, when millions of women throughout the Western world replaced men in factories and plants, will still be in demand by activists of the women's movement, but so far women willingly yielded to men jobs and returned to the role of housewives. Nevertheless, the second wave of feminism could not once rise, for the main issue of feminism was not solved - the question of power in its broadest interpretation.
Ancestor of the second wave of feminism is considered to be Betty Friedan with her book "Women's mysticism" (1963). But the "material" was prepared not by her, but by the youth and sexual revolution that broke out in those years in Europe and the United States. The leftist Marxist ideas implicated in the eastern "spices" stirred the heads of Western youth, which they thought would be a chance to change the "rotten world of capitalism" at once; drugs and promiscuous sex played an important role in this. Many future "pillars" of feminism came out of this boiling cauldron of passions. Therefore, the triad: punks-drugs-gender center - best describes their autobiographical path.
At this time, Michel Foucault appeared with his revolutionary ideas that "there is no sex". Indeed, there is no sex, it is just the result of the insidiousness and age-old violence of the Patriarchate in general and of men in particular, if a number of measures are taken to change a modern person, based on the research of Margaret Mead, it is quite possible, within one generation, to destroy this hateful facet determined by sexual differences, which, as feminists are sure, is the main reason for positioning women as second-sex beings. And although the findings from the studies of Margarita Mead were already recognized by the time mistaken, simply disproved, it did not discourage the feminists, here and further they will accept for themselves as the truth only what does not differ from their ideological tasks.
Thus, in the seventies, feminism fully formed its ideological base with three leading messages: 1) The Patriarchate is the oppression of women, the same form of oppression as the oppression of slaves within the slave system, and the woman is an unhappy victim of this age-old and even millennial oppression; 2) Patriarchate was not always, before him there was a bright era of matriarchy, that is "evidence", and in our time, it is enough only to create the appropriate conditions and matriarchy will come across the entire earth quite quickly; 3) sex, that is, gender is not biological, but social, invented by the Patriarchate to oppress women, therefore, under appropriate conditions, it is possible to achieve the elimination of sex and, with it, everything that accompanies it.
This is a brief program for the reorganization of society, the first unterminated conditions, which was to be universal labor service for women outside the family, a family that once and for all was proclaimed as an instrument of the Patriarchate, created to oppress women. A woman must leave the family, where she is only a slave, and engage in all kinds of work. As a result, a woman will become independent of the man and, plus that has finances, which can be used for further destruction and final liquidation of the Patriarchate. Although in words the feminists have always spoken out for freedom of choice for women. Following the claim of the right to work, the requirements of social benefits followed, which would allow a woman not to combine the work and education of children at the first stage. Then the offensive took the path that immediately and completely rejected the feminist myth of the struggle for equality. One of the earliest and concrete "gains" of the second wave of feminism was the requirement to grant women the preferential right of custody of children in divorces. This requirement was quickly fulfilled. In the light of which the myth of the struggle of feminists collapses, for there was no serious struggle-all the demands of feminists were implemented with surprising ease. For example, the feminists' next message was the definition of a "woman-nigga", followed by a requirement to level women by status with blacks and extend to them all the same benefits and programs. Women and Negroes should henceforth be treated as two equal classes subjected to equal oppression. Need I say that this requirement was instantly accepted? In the same seventies throughout the western world an epidemic of allowing women to have an abortion swept. Henceforth, the right and desire of a woman stood above the life of the unborn child. The significance of the role of a man as a father fell below the plinth - from now on nothing depended completely on anything, a new era of matriarchy was born.
Having achieved these and other initial goals, that is, forming the basis for further attacks, feminism launched an active offensive against men. By the eighties, in the US media in particular, a stable feminist lobby has already emerged, ready to immediately pass on any information that is necessary to feminism and block the undesirable. From this moment the formation of censorship began in the USA.
One of the powerful and noteworthy attacks of feminism of this time was an attack on pornography, clearly as nothing that reflected the essence and nature of modern feminism. This feminist Andrea Dvorkin led the attack (from the same galaxy of punks-drugs-gender center). Her book "Pornography: Women in the Power of Men" made a great impression, especially on the conservative part of society. And indeed, for any conservative, pornography is a demonstration of violence, disrespect for a woman and an incentive for committing crimes on sexual grounds. Dvorkin was commissioned to draft a law prohibiting pornography. But what should have alerted Dvorkin to a man of more liberal views? Firstly, that any depiction of sexual intercourse in pornography is treated as violence, rape, and certainly men over a woman; Secondly, the demonstration of sexual acts in pornography demonstrates the power of men over women; thirdly, the slogan "pornography - theory, rape - practice" was proclaimed, as if there had never been a pornography of sexual violence! In the end, the campaign against pornography drowned And who would know, and Dmorkin herself would not mind the poor conservatives, that the matter is not at all in the moral principles of this lady, but simply because she is a lesbian, a militant lesbian, hating men, for whom herself the idea of heterosexual sex is unbearable.
Thus, the second wave of feminism should be considered a gender, radical and lesbian feminism with a huge admixture of Marxism, all other feminist trends, for example, the feminism of equality have not received much attention or influence, and in fact still remain in the shadow of the aforementioned.
But at first feminism appealed to the masses of women directly as their spokesperson, provoking a wave of support, which was manifested even in demonstrations and other social actions, but since the most important and most close goals for most women were quickly achieved, by the mid-1980s, public support for feminism is falling. Realizing this, feminists go to their "last and decisive battle." So the lesbianism of feminist leaders is no longer hiding and society is offered a new thesis about the compulsory nature of heterosexuality. That is, like the social division of roles, sex itself, heterosexuality was also declared the insidious fiction of the Patriarchate, designed to keep women in male power. Only after stopping all sexual relations with a man, a woman can become truly free, lesbianism is a bright future for all women, from which the following slogan "feminism - theory, lesbianism - practice" emerged. From now on, the true goals and objectives of feminism were no longer hidden.
But how to achieve them in reality? Through a controlled media, a powerful campaign is launched against marital rape, incest, harassment at work and child abuse. It was necessary to do everything to form a woman in the image of sex with a man as a source of danger, and from the man himself to make the devil. Men had to go to prison for sex with their wife, while others, after looking at such instructive example, once and for all give up the idea of approaching a woman. As a result, the next one was born again this time, this time, we must assume the final concept of feminism, which encompasses the need to build a separate, feminine, world from men (separatist feminism), because it was proclaimed that no peaceful existence with men is possible. It should not be just a world in which there will not be men, it should be a world in which there will be nothing male, for example, sciences, language, that is words, medicine and so on. All this is supposed to be created anew.
By the beginning of the nineties, feminism had firmly established itself at universities, having created there according to different data from 15000 to 30000 cells, and having considerable support and influence as evidenced by at least the teaching staff of universities, 90% consisting of speakers of liberal views, at the same time, these are ideal conditions for the impact on young cadres, especially on female students. Attempts to introduce into schools began and continue to this day.
In the general political context, feminism, through the media under its control, continued to deploy one after the other misinformation campaigns, throwing out trumped-up figures about the number of rapes, "terrible" deaths of women from anurexia, domestic violence, and so on. The real campaigns of "witch-hunting" were deployed in society, following one after another.
In fact, until the mid-nineties, feminism occupied the dominant position in ideology, without encountering any worthy and organized opposition. However, since the end of the 1980s, conservative tendencies began to grow rapidly in the USA and the MALE MOVEMENT (masculinism) that had existed formally since the seventies began to grow rapidly and intensively, but was practically invisible. In 1996. feminism in fact for the first time recognized its existence and called upon its adherents to fight against a new and unexpected threat to themselves. In addition to all the increased contradictions in the camp of the feminists themselves. It was in the nineties that books written by feminists criticizing modern feminism, for example, such as "Who Stole the Feminism" by Christina Sommers and "The Betrayal of the American Man" by Susan Fuludi begin to come out one by one. Perhaps, the nineties would have become the years of this movement, had it not been for the Clinton administration, which completely and completely supported the feminism, adhering and supporting its ideology and its leaders in every possible way. Of course, the latter seems paradoxical, recalling the scandal of Clinton-Lewinsky, but for paradoxes there is no place to learn that in this standard dispute about sexual harassment, feminists breastfed to defend Clinton, refusing to support the "injured" side, that is, they rendered service for the service . The award did not make you wait, materializing in 97. a kind of sensational law "On the prevention of violence against women." There were other "gifts", but this is the most significant. And as we see, again there is no talk of equality, because even according to official data in the US every year in family disputes are physically injured more than 50000 men (and according to a specially created agency called "Violence Against Women", the figure has already increased to 850000); apparently in the Clinton administration, it was considered that men belonging to the class of "oppressors" do not deserve any help and equal treatment. By the way, this policy of double standards, the division of the population into bad and good groups, will affect not only domestic but also US foreign policy, for example, during the Balkan crisis. And finally, one of the articles of the American Constitution, which the Americans are so proud of, forbidding the state to care for and protect only one group of the population, was simply broken.
In 2000 an unpleasant event occurred for the feminists — the Bush administration came to the White House, which they disliked at least because of its position on abortion.
It's time to sum up some results to the thirty-year-old procession of feminism across the expanses of the US and Europe.
First, the birth rate declined everywhere, in Europe it was half the required minimum level for the preservation of the nation, but the number of emigrants is rapidly growing, and in the United States, the population of the color population, which is predicted to equal the number of white people in twenty years. Catastrophically, the number of divorces increased rapidly, and again after the Second World War, but already in peacetime, the word " fatherlessness. Millions of adolescents, deprived of normal and natural conditions for their development and education, joined the ranks of criminals and were addicted to drugs. The hypocrisy looks like the standard accusations of the Patriarchate in the production of violence, when the direct connection between the explosive growth of crime and, in fact, the artificial expulsion of fathers from the family, is already unconditionally proved. That is, to the violent growth of violence and criminality of the last decades led precisely the efforts of feminism! The woman has become more free than ever, but her safety has greatly diminished. At the same time, there is no equality of speech and can not yet be, because in fact women got new rights without losing most of their former privileges and at the same time got rid of almost all duties, a man lost some of his previous rights, did not lose a single one of his duties, on the contrary, new ones were added to the old ones, and the woman still received, in addition, a partial (so far) right to dispose of the fate, time, money of a man. So if today in Western society a woman should not have anything to this society, then a man, like a hundred and two hundred years ago, is obliged in most countries to perform compulsory military service or compulsory labor service in case of refusal of service. A modern woman does not owe anything to a man, a man, as a rule, is forced, in the event of a divorce, not only to give the former wife the lion's share of the property, but also to maintain it for many years, even if the break occurred through the fault of his wife. Biology is no longer a fatal case for a woman: she has at her disposal a large set of tools for resolving issues with unwanted pregnancies and even unwanted children born. Men do not even have the least opportunities for choice, coercion to unwanted paternity is in the order of things. And so on and so forth.
Now a few words about feminism in Russia. Russian feminists often try to present the case in such a way that Russia "lags behind" Western countries, that wild patriarchy reigns on its expanses, and a woman is deprived of rights like anywhere else. If you say that this is not true, then it means not saying anything. It is unlikely that there will be at least one country in the West that has at least caught up with Russia, most of the countries are currently on the path that Russia took two or three decades ago.
To begin with, while suffragists in the West fought for the right to vote, Soviet women worked in mines, the party and government, through declared and unannounced benefits and quotas, dragged women into all spheres of public life, displacing men from there. As a result, the mass extermination of men during the repressions and the Great Patriotic War led to the final consolidation of the status of the leading force of society, the head of the family and the only parent, the man was considered simply as a labor and cannon fodder. Speaking specifically about the history of Russian feminism, it is short and not replete with notable events. We should only note the women's demonstrations in February 1917., Where, among other things, there were demands to grant women equal voting rights, which was done.
This was the first and last feminist demonstration in the history of Russia. Of the Russian feminists can be identified only Kollontai, the author of the theory of a glass of water. It was really a true feminist who stayed like that for the rest of her life, which, incidentally, did not prevent her from serving faithfully and truthfully to the Stalinist regime, carrying out all his dirty errands. In the USSR, a quota principle was adopted for the distribution of "women's" seats in the parliament, that is, to what in the West they came only in recent years. The history of Soviet state feminism is also the hasty little-prepared flight of woman-cosmonaut Tereshkova - so strong was the need to show the world the role of women in our country. And finally, only in the USSR and other socialist countries was officially celebrated and celebrated the feminist holiday 8 March, known to us now simply as a "women's day." At present, Russia's feminism is represented by a multitude of small, obscure groups, existing mainly on the handouts of Western sponsors, such as Soros, the McCarthour Foundation, etc. If we generalize to try to name their main vector of aspirations, then this is not a struggle for any social preferences for women, and the desire for power, expressed in persistent pushing the idea of a return to the Soviet practice of quoting seats in parliament.
The results of the development of feminism in Russia in general are similar to the described outcomes of its development throughout the world, but since in Russia the influence of feminism had and is of a longer and larger character, it was in the former USSR that the difference in life expectancy between men and women reached the values in 12- 14 years, twice exceeding that in Europe and the USA.
Summing up, I'll say it again, feminism is a variety and at the same time an integral part of Marxism and communist ideology in general.
Having won an external war with communism, Western countries are losing this war from the inside step by step.
Feminism has never really sought to establish equality, its most powerful dream is not a society of equality, but a delusional idea about the golden millennium of matriarchy. Matriarchy is the cave past of our distant ancestors, and now it has survived only among individual backward tribes. The question of modernity is whether modern civilization will lead itself to these "glorious" sources or it will have the wisdom to recall the ridiculed and spat upon traditional traditional values.